On Friday, President Donald Trump signed an executive order that prohibits immigrants and refugees from certain Muslim populated countries to enter America. Trump issued what he deemed as “extreme vetting” that intends to “keep terrorists out” of the United States.
Shortly after, the White House made the President’s executive order public, entitled, Protection Of The Nation From Foreign terrorist Entry Into The United States. This ban implements a 90-day ban on entry to America from citizens from Iran, Iraq, Syria, Yemen, Sudan, Libya, and Somalia. In addition, it prohibits the admittance of all refugees to the US for the duration of 120 days. Trump’s executive order also caps the total number of refugees entering America in 2017 to 50,000.
Refugees already have to go through an extreme vetting process that is highly rigorous, in order to enter the United States, which can take up to two years. It is estimated that the increase in conflict has resulted in the 15 million refugees worldwide. Developing countries host 80 percent of refugees. More than half of the world’s refugees came from just five countries, three of which are on Trump’s list of banned countries.
This ban is also allegedly expected to have substantial effects on people from those seven countries that already live in the US under green cards or on temporary student or employee visas.
Whilst a presidential candidate, Trump’s rhetoric repeatedly consisted of tackling immigration in America with extreme vetting processes, whilst calling for a “total and complete shutdown” of Muslim immigration in the US. However, Trump’s administrations insist that the president’s actions aren’t targeted at Muslims or any specific religious group.
Syrian Refugee, Ammar Sawan who fled the war in 2012 told NBC news about his dream to live in America and how that now is extremely questionable. Sawan has a wife and three sons, who followed him a year later after fleeing the conflict. The couple also had a daughter, in Jordan, last year. In October, Sawan underwent the first round of security vetting for the possibility of being resettled in America. “My dream, even before the war in Syria, was to live in America,” he said. However, this may not be possible now, Sawan stated, “we are not terrorists and we don’t support terrorism.”
A report conducted by CATO Institute showed that since 1975 to 2015, people from the seven banned countries have killed zero Americans in terrorist attacks on American soil. However, there have been seventeen people from five of these countries that have been convicted of attempting to carry out terrorist attacks on US soil since 1975 to 2015, but zero Libyans and Syrians have been convicted of an attempted terrorist attack on US soil during that time period.
Since Trump signed the executive order, an estimated 100 to 200 migrants, and refugees are being detained at airports or are being held in transit, which has lead to the ruling from federal Judge Ann Donnelly, New York, to have a temporary stop to deportations. This ruling will prevent the removal of people with approved refugee applications, valid visas, and “other individuals… legally authorised to enter the United States.” However, what will happen next in those airports is unclear. Thousands of people are protesting at US airports over Trump’s actions on immigration, many shouting, “Let them in!”